Paul Joseph Black
Paul Joseph Black took his first degree in physics, and subsequently obtained his PhD in crystallography at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge in 1954. Between 1956 and 1976 he was a faculty member in the Department of Physics in the University of Birmingham (England), but his interests gradually moved from research in physics to research and development in science education. Paul left Birmingham in 1976 to become professor of science education and director of the Centre for Science and Mathematics Education, at Chelsea College in London, and when Chelsea College merged with King's in 1985 he became the head of the King's Centre for Educational Studies, King's College London (KQC). Paul Black retired in 1995, but is still active in research and development work.
Paul has been a visiting Professor of Education at Stanford University, California. For many years and was involved closely with curriculum development work with the Nuffield Foundation in science and in design and technology, at primary, secondary and tertiary levels. He was chair of the government's Task Group on Assessment and Testing in 1987-88, and deputy chairman of the National Curriculum Council from 1989 to 1991. Paul has served on three committees on the USA National Research Council and is a member of the Policy Advisory Group and of the Technical Advisory Group of the UK Examination and Qualifications Regulator, OFQUAL. Paul is currently engaged in research and development work to improve classroom practices in both formative and summative assessment.