Learn everything you need to know to implement an integrated system of assessment and grading that will enhance your teaching and your students’ learning. Dr Robert J Marzano details the specific benefits of formative assessment—assessment that is used during instruction rather than at the end of a course or unit. He explains how to design and interpret three different types of formative assessments, how to track student progress, and how to assign meaningful grades, even if a school or district continues to use a traditional grading system. Detailed examples brings each concept to life, and exercises help reinforce the content.
- Identifies three types of formative classroom assessments that should be used in a comprehensive system and explains how to design them
- Explains the difference between “standards-based” and “standards-referenced” systems
- Explains why it is usually inappropriate to use the 100-point scale in conjunction with formative assessment
- Describes a systematic approach to the design and use of rubrics
- Presents four basic approaches to tracking student progress and provides reproducible grade sheets
- Discusses the use of technology in tracking progress and generating reports
- Addresses the issue of grades for teachers using formative approaches
- Includes an appendix that clearly explains the concept of effect size
- Provides exercises to help readers assess and reinforce their understanding of the new strategies
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