Cary Sneider is an associate research professor at Portland State University in Portland, Oregon, where he teaches research methods in a master’s degree program for prospective teachers and leads a National Science Foundation– supported project to bridge the gap between high school and college physics. His research interests have focused on helping students unravel their misconceptions in science and on new ways to link science centers and schools to promote student inquiry. He recently served as design lead for technology and engineering on the National Research Council’s effort to develop A Framework for K–12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Cary has been involved in the development of framework documents for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in Science and in Technology and Engineering Literacy, and he is currently a member of the National Assessment Governing Board. He is also a leader of the writing team at Achieve, Inc., which is managing the development of the Next Generation Science Standards for the states.